tennis strategie

Sept. In der Theorie ist es einfach, gegen sogenannte Bringer im Tennis zu spielen. Die Match-Strategie lautet: Den Punkt kontrolliert aufbauen, ans. Jan. Die besten Strategien, um einen Punkt abzuschließen. Dieser Artikel ist nicht für jeden. von Marco Kühn / Tennis-Insider zuletzt bearbeitet. Im Tennis spielt die Taktik eine wichtige und meist offensichtliche Rolle, sobald es um den Erfolg geht. Denn dann wollen die meisten Tennisspieler nicht nur.

Returning every aggressive shot that the opponent provides is often the cause of further errors due to the effort required in trying increasingly harder and better shots.

At lower levels, the defensive counter-puncher often frustrates their opponent so much that they may try to change their style of play due to ineffective baseline results.

At higher levels, the all-court player or aggressive baseliner is usually able to execute winners with higher velocity and better placement, taking the counterpuncher out of the point as early as possible.

Most counter-punchers often excel on slow courts, such as clay. The court gives them extra time to chase down shots and it is harder for opponents to create winners.

However, some counter-punchers who have the ability to mix up their game and turn defense into offense, like Lleyton Hewitt, [2] Andy Murray [3] and Agnieszka Radwanska have excelled on faster courts like hard and grass as well as slower courts.

Counter-punchers are often particularly strong players at low-level play, where opponents cannot make winners with regularity.

A serve and volleyer has a great net game, is quick around the net, and has fine touch for volleys. Serve and volleyers come up to the net at every opportunity when serving.

They are almost always attackers and can hit many winners with varieties of volleys and drop volleys. When not serving, they often employ the "chip-and-charge", chipping back the serve without attempting to hit a winner and rushing the net.

This strategy is extremely effective against pushers. Serve-and-volleyers benefit from playing on fast courts, such as grass or fast concrete. The quick bounce and faster pace of play give them an advantage because opponents have less time to set up for a passing shot.

In addition to this, there has been a trend toward the slowing down of tennis surfaces over the past few years. The serve-and-volley technique works better on faster surfaces because the volleyer is able to put more balls away without the baseliner being able to chase them down.

Although serve and volleyers may be a dying breed, there are still some great players who employ this tactic. Bill Tilden , the dominant player of the s, preferred to play from the back of the court, and liked nothing better than to face an opponent who rushed the net — one way or another Tilden would find a way to hit the ball past him.

In his book Match Play and the Spin of the Ball , Tilden propounds the theory that by definition a great baseline player will always beat a great serve-and-volleyer.

Some players, such as Tommy Haas , Roger Federer and Andy Roddick will only employ this strategy on grass courts or as a surprise tactic on any surface.

Roger Federer uses this commonly against Rafael Nadal , to break up long rallies and physically taxing games. All-court players, or all-rounders, have aspects of every tennis style, whether that be offensive baseliner, defensive counter-puncher or serve-and-volleyer.

All-court players use the best bits from each style and mix it together to create a truly formidable tennis style to play against.

All-court players have the ability to adjust to different opponents that play different styles more easily than pure baseliners or serve and volleyers.

All-court players typically have the speed, determination and fitness of a defensive counter-puncher, the confidence, skill and flair of offensive baseliners and have the touch, the agility around the net and tactical thinking of the serve-and-volleyer.

However, just because the all-court player has a combination of skills used by all tennis styles does not necessarily mean that they can beat an offensive baseliner or a defensive counter-puncher or even a serve-and-volleyer.

It just means it would be more difficult to read the game of an all-court player. Holding serve is crucial in tennis.

To hold serve, serves must be accurately placed, and a high priority should be placed on first serve percentage. In addition, the velocity of serve is important.

A weak serve can be easily attacked by an aggressive returner. The first ball after the serve is also key. Players should serve in order to get a weak return and keep the opponent on the defense with that first shot.

There are three different types of serves and each one of them can be used in different situations. One type of serve is the serve with slice.

The slice serve works better when the player tosses the ball to the right and immediately hits the outer-right part of the ball.

This serve is best used when you hit it wide so you get your opponent off the court. Another type is the kick serve. How do they cope with spin?

Serves to their body or backhand? Be generally wary of playing shots that only go half-court, as these can often be easily exploited by a good opponent.

Cross court shots are easier to play than down the line ones. If your opponent has a better forehand than you, however, you should try to avoid getting into long forehand cross court rallies and try to switch the play to their backhand.

The reasoning is that it gives your opponent the opportunity to respond with a relatively easy cross court shot, and you will have a lot of running to do to stay in the game!

Get your positioning right. Positioning in tennis essentially comes down to geometry and angles in most cases and it is sometimes not obvious where to stand.

A lot of players automatically move to the center after playing a shot from the baseline, regardless of where they hit the previous shot.

You should only stand in the center if you hit the ball down the middle, however. If you played the ball to one of the corners, you should recover to an off-center position.

If you played the ball to the right-hand corner from your baseline, you should move to a position slightly to the left of center and vice versa for shots to the other corner.

If your opponent is having trouble with a shot at their baseline they might be struggling to play a deep high bouncer on their backhand, for example you should try to move into the net , and attempt to close out the point.

You should try to develop an instinct for when your opponent is about to play a weak shot that you will be able to pick off at the net.

If you are at the net and your opponent is at their baseline, you should generally play your shots deep to the corners, or play angled shots.

Avoid playing shots down the middle. It is quite possible to win from a corner shot with one volley, but if you play down the middle, it will take at least two volleys to win, and you may lose momentum - or worse, you will give them time to put together a winning lob or passing shot.

Mix up your serve. Even if you have a great serve, your opponent will gradually get used to it and find the optimum place to stand when receiving.

Mixing up your serve, by adjusting placement, pace, and spin will keep your opponent guessing and make it harder for them to attack your serve. Take note of which shots that your opponents make you play most often.

These are generally the shots that they think are your weakest ones. You should go away and practice these shots after the match.

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To provide a better website experience, howtheyplay. The more creative you get the more chance for errors. Statistics show that someone is about to make an error, limit your chances by following the percentages, deep and down the middle.

When forced by a tough shot hit a ball that has the highest percentage of staying in the court and keeping you in the point. When behind find a way to stay in the point by getting ball back over the net and deep.

Trying for a winner to get you out of trouble is not a percentage play, it is a gamble and not a good one. If you are winning keep winning by doing exactly the same thing that produced your advantage.

Trying something new or something you do not own will only allow the momentum to switch. When the momentum switches sometimes all you can do is watch it go right out from under you.

Follow the Just Win Strategy, practice the new shots tomorrow. What generally happens is it throws off his entire bio-mechanics of stroke production and control.

This causes the ball to SIT UP and boom the point is over because your opponent is generally playing from behind and thus more aggressively.

Instead of thinking about winning the match and knowing the pressure of the point or the game the advanced player must remember what will get him to victory, and that is consistency and aggressiveness.

The best way to buy time and to get back into the point is to elevate this shot 10 to 12 feet above the net to get you back in to the point and change the momentum.

Even if the player has is attacking the net which he should do making sure that at least you force him to hit a good volley.

By elevating your shot you naturally increase the top spin and unless your opponent is at the net he may have to hit up and over the net which is the most difficult volley.

If you see him coming to the net it is not a difficult adjustment to lift the ball even higher for a topspin lob which is your next best option. If he stays on the baseline he will have to wait for the ball and see his opportunity diminish get frustrated and most likely try for too much and miss the ball long or into the net.

By getting the ball back without the pace it also forces his mechanics to be better along with his concentration. By him not advancing on this opportunity he will feel aggravated by your ability to return his best shot.

It is not necessary to play a pretty game to win. For example most two handers like the ball in the strike zone where they can use the natural fluid body movement and hit solid ground strokes.

If you can avoid this area by hitting short and low and then hit topspin deep and high it forces them to adjust to the variances and thus gets them out of their natural rhythm.

The basic idea is hit shots that your opponent does not want to hit. Determining what your opponent does not like is quite easy, what produces errors and what makes him angry and frustrated.

Understand what shots produce power and which ones do not. Balls hit deep and high to either side with topspin are difficult to return because they re out of the power zone of the body.

The player must hit them with almost all arm or take them on the rise both of which shots are physically tough to execute and return deep and strong.

When your opponent has a great forehand and a weak backhand do not let him win with his strength. Anticipate the shot and force him to hit it better than he is capable of by overplaying to the appropriate side.

In this case if he hits flat forehands overplay to cross court side forcing him to hit closer to the line or down the line over a higher net.

A flat forehand is hit with a horizontal swing which is more difficult to execute down the line for many reasons. Understanding this you can also frustrate this shot by sending him backhand slice to his forehand that stays low and pulls away.

This will cause him more difficulty and produce more errors on his better side and thus frustrate him and open up his weaker side for any order of shot.

It is much safer to go cross court for these reasons; the net is lower in the middle than on the sides, the court is longer, you give yourself more time, and you tempt your opponent to hit the tougher return.

This depending upon the speed, spin and angle of the shot cause the probability of error to go up proportionately.

In addition based upon the law of incident and reflective angles it requires less control to return a ball back upon the path of its origin.

This is because when a ball is arriving at the racquet on a diagonal it tends to deflect off the racquet at an angle in direct relation to the angle of its approach.

There is no margin for safety when you go down the line; what looks to be an easy shot is not. It is a lower percentage play and must be hit with more control.

Any deficiency will produce an error wide because or the angle of reflection, into the net because of the force of gravity and the height of the net, and long because of the shorter distance and the need for a more precise impact and topspin to control the flight of the ball.

If your opponent hits the ball to the backhand corner the easiest shot in the game is to hit a straight ball cross-court. It is a natural tendency to pull across the body and hit the ball on the diagonal.

It takes a more talented player to hit a straight ball straight. Unless this tougher shot is executed perfectly you are now forcing yourself to move a larger number of steps in a shorter amount of time to cover a return.

This is first caused because your momentum holds you on the sideline or out of the court when you hit down the line.

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Tennis Strategie Video

Tennis Strategy: Shot Selection

Singles is much more physically and mentally intense than doubles and any weaknesses that you may have in your game will be sought out and exploited by a good opponent.

Everything is up to you in singles, which can be good and bad. Good because you never have to worry about being partnered with a weak doubles player, bad because there is more pressure and no one to cover for any weaknesses that you may have with your game.

My tennis strategy tips have been learned through many years of experience playing competitive singles, initially in England and later here in Florida.

Here are my tips. Of course, there are many more strategies that could also be mentioned, but I have tried to outline the main ones.

Feel free to add your own in the comments below, however, all thoughts and ideas are very welcome. Consistency is vital in singles.

Each time you do that, you make your opponent play another shot and create the chance for a mistake. This may sound obvious to some, but too many players focus on playing killer shots and lose matches through lack of consistency.

There is no one set of strategies to follow. Rather, your strategy and tactics for each match are dictated to a large extent by the type of player that you are up against.

Two common types of opponent are "hard-hitters" and "pushers". Hard hitters play powerful shots, but often make mistakes, so you should try to be as consistent as possible with them and rely on them making more mistakes than you.

Pushers generally camp out at the baseline and hit slower shots, often using slice, giving themselves plenty of recovery time and making it difficult to catch them out of position.

As well as keeping your game consistent, you need to take time away from them by stepping in and playing volleys, particularly when they are out in one of the corners and seem likely to play a weaker shot.

Most players hit weaker shots on their backhand side. Most players have some shots that are weaker than others. If your opponent has a relatively strong forehand, but a weak backhand, keep playing to the backhand.

They will make more mistakes, and they will get frustrated because they are not being allowed to hit their favored forehand. Try to find other weaknesses in their shots.

Ask questions of your opponent. How do they deal with overheads? How do they cope with spin? Serves to their body or backhand? Be generally wary of playing shots that only go half-court, as these can often be easily exploited by a good opponent.

Cross court shots are easier to play than down the line ones. If your opponent has a better forehand than you, however, you should try to avoid getting into long forehand cross court rallies and try to switch the play to their backhand.

The reasoning is that it gives your opponent the opportunity to respond with a relatively easy cross court shot, and you will have a lot of running to do to stay in the game!

Get your positioning right. Positioning in tennis essentially comes down to geometry and angles in most cases and it is sometimes not obvious where to stand.

A lot of players automatically move to the center after playing a shot from the baseline, regardless of where they hit the previous shot.

You should only stand in the center if you hit the ball down the middle, however. If you played the ball to one of the corners, you should recover to an off-center position.

If you played the ball to the right-hand corner from your baseline, you should move to a position slightly to the left of center and vice versa for shots to the other corner.

If your opponent is having trouble with a shot at their baseline they might be struggling to play a deep high bouncer on their backhand, for example you should try to move into the net , and attempt to close out the point.

You should try to develop an instinct for when your opponent is about to play a weak shot that you will be able to pick off at the net. If you are at the net and your opponent is at their baseline, you should generally play your shots deep to the corners, or play angled shots.

Avoid playing shots down the middle. It is quite possible to win from a corner shot with one volley, but if you play down the middle, it will take at least two volleys to win, and you may lose momentum - or worse, you will give them time to put together a winning lob or passing shot.

Mix up your serve. Even if you have a great serve, your opponent will gradually get used to it and find the optimum place to stand when receiving.

Mixing up your serve, by adjusting placement, pace, and spin will keep your opponent guessing and make it harder for them to attack your serve.

The player must hit them with almost all arm or take them on the rise both of which shots are physically tough to execute and return deep and strong.

When your opponent has a great forehand and a weak backhand do not let him win with his strength. Anticipate the shot and force him to hit it better than he is capable of by overplaying to the appropriate side.

In this case if he hits flat forehands overplay to cross court side forcing him to hit closer to the line or down the line over a higher net.

A flat forehand is hit with a horizontal swing which is more difficult to execute down the line for many reasons. Understanding this you can also frustrate this shot by sending him backhand slice to his forehand that stays low and pulls away.

This will cause him more difficulty and produce more errors on his better side and thus frustrate him and open up his weaker side for any order of shot.

It is much safer to go cross court for these reasons; the net is lower in the middle than on the sides, the court is longer, you give yourself more time, and you tempt your opponent to hit the tougher return.

This depending upon the speed, spin and angle of the shot cause the probability of error to go up proportionately. In addition based upon the law of incident and reflective angles it requires less control to return a ball back upon the path of its origin.

This is because when a ball is arriving at the racquet on a diagonal it tends to deflect off the racquet at an angle in direct relation to the angle of its approach.

There is no margin for safety when you go down the line; what looks to be an easy shot is not. It is a lower percentage play and must be hit with more control.

Any deficiency will produce an error wide because or the angle of reflection, into the net because of the force of gravity and the height of the net, and long because of the shorter distance and the need for a more precise impact and topspin to control the flight of the ball.

If your opponent hits the ball to the backhand corner the easiest shot in the game is to hit a straight ball cross-court. It is a natural tendency to pull across the body and hit the ball on the diagonal.

It takes a more talented player to hit a straight ball straight. Unless this tougher shot is executed perfectly you are now forcing yourself to move a larger number of steps in a shorter amount of time to cover a return.

This is first caused because your momentum holds you on the sideline or out of the court when you hit down the line. Secondly you must be aware that any return will keep you dangerously far behind the baseline and out of position if you are unable to advance to the net in the form of an approach shot.

Percentage play dictates that you work to get the short ball and come into the net and close out the point not hit tough winners from the baseline through a more difficult window.

Understanding this enables them to avoid the high risk shots while hitting strong and consistent with a purpose.

On a high level it is very difficult to have an open court to hit into. What seems open is only there for an instance.

The more important strategy is being able to hit the right shot at the right time and it does not matter if the opponent is out of position or not.

The shot itself will either produce an error or lead to a short ball and thus an opportunity to close out the point. Seldom does a match result in the complete destruction of an opponent if they are of equal ability.

Generally play is determined by subtle strengths and weaknesses in mental toughness or physical fitness. Being evenly matched in ability at the beginning of a match does not always mean by the end of the match it will be the same.

Some especially junior players will hit out until they are worn out physically. Other players will run their opponents into the ground until they are unable to lift their arms.

This is the essence of strategy. Most great offensive players have exception serves, volleys overheads and approach shots. To meet such an adversary is formidable and you must work to get the points to last.

The defensive player in this scenario is working to stay in the game and tire this offensive opponent. Keeping the ball in play and keeping a player like this away from the net will allow the defensive player to make a game of it.

Trying for return winners and clean passing shots will only make the loss quicker. By getting each serve back into play you increase your chances of breaking him and keeping him working and using up his energy.

Hitting hard returns may be exactly what you should not do. Find away to get the ball over the net and below it before he hits his approach or first volley.

This will make him hit up and allow you the time you need to hit a offensive lob or passing shots. It is also imperative that you come to the net to keep this player honest and to keep aggressive.

An opponent that knows you will not come into the net has a built in advantage that will result in an unfair advantage. No player has unlimited energy and in a 3 to 4 hour match many things can happen, much more than in a 1 hour match.

With a defensive player it sometimes is amazing the length they will go to to stay in a point. They run down everything and everything comes back.

It can be very frustrating to have opportunity after opportunity lost by a player that digs out a ball and sends it by you or over you.

Going for winners, aces and hitting harder is what this player is hoping you will do. Generally a defensive player is well conditioned and willing to stay out and hit all day.

They thrive on your pace and power and like a target to hit at. If you have the shots from the baseline to relax and hit deep high bouncing lobs or ground strokes it can totally unnerve many of these defensive wizards as they lose the concept of what they are meant to do.

By changing from a hard hitter to a moon baller you can get more short balls and find that the topspin that was so effective as passing shots are now sitters awaiting your approach and put away volleys.

What works at the beginning of the match may not be the ultimate source of winning or losing. During the course of the match players find certain shots that were unavailable at the beginning of the match or lose some that were.

The advanced player watches what his opponent does and keeps a record as to what he is avoiding. If the player is running around the backhand and hitting winners that gives him two options keep hitting to the backhand corner or start to work the forehand more even though this player may have a much better forehand.

The serve may fade and most of the time a big server will lose the punch he had in the first and second sets. This allows you to be more aggressive on return.

On your serve you may find that just spinning the ball deep is more effective than a flat serve. Your physical conditioning may require you to go for winners because you must or you will lose because of cramps or exhaustion.

A player may stop hitting topspin backhands and return slices cross-court. This will allow a player to come to the net more.

A slice must go slower through the air because of the spin of the shot. Under pressure it will generally sit up a bit and is an easy volley at a close net position.

So the defensive player can attack if he is aware of this change in play by his opponent. A player may also lose his feel for the forehand sitting back on the back foot hitting long or to the net.

The pressures of trying to close out points quickly can produce mental errors and as the match wears on deficiencies will become much clearer and more evident.

The percentages below are realistic levels of stroke production of an Advanced player.

Tennis strategie - that interfere

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